Upper Extremity positioning and anatomy

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The most posterior part of the ulna is the ____________ ___________.  Olecranon Process (pg. 128)  The wrist joint is an ____________ type of joint as is the most freely movable, or _____________ joint of the synovial classification.  ellipsoidal (condyloid), diarthrodial (pg. 131)  All joints of the upper limb are classified as ________ and are therefore ________.  synovial, diarthrodial (freely movable) (pg. 130)  The __________ of the Humerus is locates more medially and articulates with the Ulna.  Trochlea (pg. 129)  What size IR is needed for a Lateral Forearm?  14x17in (pg. 161)  With which carpal does the second metacarpal articulate with?  The Trapezoid (pg. 125)  The first Carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is a __________ or _________-type of joint and allows for a great range of movement.  sellar or saddle (pg. 130)  _______ _______ is the fracture and dislocation of the posterior lip of the distal radius involving the wrist joint.  Barton’s Fracture (pg. 136)  Where should you center for a PA Finger?  At the PIP Joint (pg. 139)  What is the centering point for a PA(AP) Wrist?  Midcarpal Area (pg. 152)  The __________ articulates with the radius proximally, and so does the _________.  Scaphoid, Lunate (pg. 126)  The deep posterior depression of the distal humerus is the ________________ ________.  Olecranon fossa (pg. 129)  Intercarpal joints between the various carpals have a ________ or __________ movement.  plane or gliding (pg. 130)  The centering point on a PA Scaphoid with Ulnar Deviation is…  centered directly to the scaphoid. (pg. 155)  True or False? For an x-ray of the thumb, the entire first metacarpal must be shown.  True (pg. 142)  Where is the centering point for a Fan Lateral?  The Second MCP Joint (pg. 149)  The “skier’s thumb” projection is also called the _____ _________.  Folio Method (pg. 146)  Between which two bones is the Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) Joint found?  Between the Proximal Phalanx and the Metacarpal. (pg. 125)  For a Lateral Forearm, it is best if the elbow is bent at ____°.  90° (pg 161)  The _____ _________ ligament is attached to the styloid process of the Ulna and fans out to attach to the Triquetrum and the Pisiform.  The Ulnar Collateral Ligament (pg. 131)  _______ _______ is a sprain or tear of the Ulnar Collateral Ligament.  “Skier’s Thumb” (pg. 136)  What is the degree of obliquity needed for an AP Oblique Hand?  45 Degrees (pg. 148)  How much angulation of the tube is needed for a PA Scaphoid with Ulnar Deviation?  10° to 15° proximally (toward the elbow) (pg. 155

What are the four main groups of the upper limb?  The hand and wrist, forearm, arm, and the shoulder girdle. (pg. 124)  With which carpal does the first metacarpal articulate with?  The Trapezium (pg. 125)  All Interphalangeal (IP) joints are _____________ or _______-type joints with movement in two directions only.  ginglymus, or hinge (pg. 130)  The ___________ is located on the lateral aspect of the Humerus and articulates with the head of the Radius.  Capitulum (pg. 129)  What is another name for the Trochlear Notch?  Semilunar Notch (pg. 128) The ______ _________ ligament extends from the styloid process of the radius primarily to the lateral side of the scaphoid, but also has attachments to the trapezium.  The Radial Collateral Ligament (pg. 131)  A _________ fracture is a transverse fracture of the distal radius in which the distal fragment is displaces posteriorly.  A Colle’s Fracture (pg. 136)  Name the three concentric arcs of a true lateral elbow.  The trochlear sulcus, the outer ridges of the capitulum and the trochlea, and the trochlear notch of the ulna. (pg. 129 Fig. 5-18)  True or False? The head of the radius is located at the proximal end of the radius near the elbow joint.  True (pg. 128)  Name the three different types of phalanges found in digits 2-5.  Distal, Middle, and Proximal (pg. 124)  A _________ fracture is a transverse fracture that extends through the metacarpal neck; most commonly seen in the fifth metacarpal.  A Boxer’s Fracture (pg. 136)  What size IR should be used for a PA Finger?  8x10in (pg. 139)  The second through fifth Carpometacarpal (CMC) joints are _______ or ________-types of joints and allow the least amount of movement.  plane or gliding (pg. 130)  What are the three parts that each phalanx has?  A distal head, a body and a base (pg. 124)  The small, shallow depression located on the lateral aspect of the proximal Ulna is the _______ __________.  Radial Notch (pg. 128)  With which carpal does the third metacarpal articulate with?  The Capitate (pg. 125)  What bones of the hand articulate with the carpals of the wrist?  The Metacarpals (pg. 124)  The head of the radius articulates with the ulna at the radial notch, forming the __________ ___________ joint.  Proximal Radioulnar Joint. (pg. 128)  The _____________ ________ of the ulna fits into the Olecranon Fossa when the arm is fully extended.  Olecranon Process (pg. 129)  Small conical projections, called ________ ___________, are located at the extreme distal ends of both the radius and the ulna.  Styloid Processes (pg. 128)  What is the most distal joint of the 1st digit called?  Interphalangeal (IP) Joint (pg. 125)  What is the most commonly fractured carpal?  The Scaphoid (pg. 126)  At the proximal end of the metacarpals, articulations occur with the carpals forming ____________ Joints.  Carpometacarpal (CMC) Joints (pg. 125)  _______ _________ is a fracture of the base of the first metacarpal bone.  Bennett’s Fracture (pg. 136)  How many bones are in each hand?  27 (pg. 124)  Name the two shallow anterior depressions of the distal Humerus.  The coronoid fossa and the radial fossa (pg. 129)  What size IR should be used for a Lateral Elbow?  8x10in. (pg. 166)  Name the eight carpal bones.  Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, Hamate (pg. 126)  Another name for the Scaphoid is the _________ .  Navicular (pg. 126)  The large concave depression, or notch, that articulates with the distal humerus is the ________.  Trochlear Notch (pg. 128)  The elbow joint is also of the __________ classification and thus is also freely movable or ___________.  synovial, diarthrodial (pg.131)  Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint are __________ joints and allow movement in four directions.  Ellipsoidal (pg. 130)  Where is the centering point for an AP Thumb?  The First MCP Joint (pg. 142)  Between which two phalanges is the Proximal Interphalalangeal (PIP) Joint found?  Between the Middle and Proximal Phalanges. (pg. 125)  Which carpal bone is the largest?  The Capitate (pg. 126)  The radius and ulna articulate with each other at the ________ ____________ joint and the ________ ______________ joint.  Proximal Radioulnar Joint and the Distal Radioulnar Joint (pg. 128)  Where is the centering point for a PA Hand?  The third MCP joint. (pg. 147)  The Ulnar notch is found on the medial aspect of the distal ______.  Radius (pg. 128)  The fourth and fifth metacarpal articulates with which carpal?  The Hamate (pg. 125)  The group of bones which make up the palm are the five ____________.  Metacarpals (pg. 124)  True or False? For a Lateral Wrist, the pt.’s elbow should be bent at a 90° angle.  True (pg. 154)  What size IR should be used for a AP Oblique Elbow?  10x12in. (pg. 165)

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