Adult-Lateral Femur

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2 thoughts on “Adult-Lateral Femur

    fiverrr23Jz said:
    June 26, 2014 at 4:58 am

    Great post. Cool.

    Noninvasive Evaluation of Coronary Distensibility in Older Adults: A Feasibility Study with MR Angiography said:
    December 6, 2011 at 11:28 pm


    Purpose: To assess the feasibility of using magnetic resonance (MR) angiography to noninvasively measure the coronary distensibility index (CDI) in older adults.

    Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the institutional review board and was compliant with HIPAA. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Three-dimensional MR angiography was performed in 23 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (mean age, 72.9 years ± 5.8 [standard deviation]; age range, 65–84 years; 12 men, 11 women) and 50 healthy aging control subjects (mean age, 73.1 years ± 5.6; age range, 64–84 years; 28 men, 22 women). Imaging data were acquired in the rest periods of cardiac motion identified during end systole and middiastole. For imaging data with different acquisition windows, cross-sectional coronary planes were reconstructed and matched for the same anatomy according to coronary landmarks. The CDI, defined as [(lumen area at systole − lumen area at diastole)/(lumen area at diastole × pulse pressure)] × 1000, was compared between patients with DM and control subjects by using the Student t test. With the same protocol, CDIs were calculated in 10 randomly selected subjects by two independent readers. In addition, MR angiography (in systole and diastole) was repeated in those 10 subjects after repositioning.

    Results: CDIs were measured in 43 coronary segments of patients with DM and in 124 coronary segments of control subjects. The mean CDI in patients with DM was significantly lower than that in control subjects (2.79 mm Hg−1 ± 2.12 vs 9.14 mm Hg−1 ± 5.87, respectively; P < .001). CDI measurements showed good intraobserver (r = 0.914), interobserver (r = 0.820), and imaging–repeat imaging agreements (r = 0.811).

    Conclusion: Coronary MR angiography is a reproducible and repeatable noninvasive method for detecting significant differences in coronary distensibility between patients with DM and healthy aging control subjects.

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